Frequently Asked Questions


If you have other questions, please contact Lincoln Lutheran and/or make plans to attend one of the forums where we will discuss Lincoln Lutheran's 1:1 Learning Initiative on Monday, March 10, at 5:30 pm. and Thursday, March 20, at 7:00 pm.

1to1
1:1 Learning Initiative Questions

Yes, Lincoln Lutheran will be hosting forums to answer any other questions you may have about the 1:1 Learning Initiative. The forums will be held on February 14th and April 15th to minimize possible attendance.

1:1 means that each student and each teacher in the school has a tablet or laptop computer they bring to school every day.  Historically, there have been “target” numbers for schools to try to achieve such as eight students for every one computer (8:1). The idea that teaching and learning can be changed in a substantive way by making sure every student can use a computer in every class has been shortened to “1:1”.

Our Mission Statement says “Lincoln Lutheran exists to equip young people to be faithful disciples of Jesus Christ by providing an excellent, Christ-centered education.”  We (Lincoln Lutheran faculty, Administration, and School Board) believe the 1:1 Learning Initiative is an integral part of providing an excellent education.  We believe we can provide a more excellent educational experience with the 1:1 Learning Initiative than without it.

The Lincoln Lutheran School Board directed a committee be formed in the fall of 2013 to investigate the implementation of a 1:1 learning initiative.  The committee, consisting of school representatives Matt Heibel, Matt Haden, Lloyd Sommerer, and Jeff Rickords (also a parent); parent representatives Samith Kollipara, Julie Kreizel, and Matt Steuber; student representatives Brittany Goodro-Sincebaugh and Dylan Brockhaus; and School Board member Bryce Wendland (also a parent) was formed and started meeting in November 2013.  A recommendation was presented by the committee to the School Board at its January meeting that a 1:1 learning initiative be pursued for the 2014-2015 school year.  The School Board unanimously approved that recommendation.

There are two main reasons we are implementing a 1:1 Learning Initiative:

Instructional reasons:

  • A 1:1 learning initiative will allow teachers to use instructional practices they cannot currently use because a computer lab is not always available when needed.  See Appendix 1 for specific examples.
  • A 1:1 learning initiative will allow teachers in specific subject areas to teach lessons in ways they are not currently able to do.  See Appendix 2 for specific examples.
  • A 1:1 learning initiative will make more time available for instruction as less time is spent moving back and forth between a computer lab and the classroom.
  • A 1:1 learning initiative will help level the technological playing field. Currently there are some students who have a device while other students do not. Students with a device have an advantage over students who don’t.  

Financial / Technical reasons:

  • A 1:1 learning initiative will remove the need for additional computer labs. There are not enough rooms in the school building to provide the computer lab space needed by students and teachers.  
  • We will be able to use the money that would be needed to provide computers for additonal computer labs for other technological purposes.  A 1:1 learning initiative will allow for a wiser use of our facility and financial resources.
  • A 1:1 learning initiative will allow us to explore utilizing electronic textbooks.
  • A 1:1 learning initiative will allow us to continue to utilize standardized tests as testing companies (ACT, NWEA) move away from pencil-and-paper test.

There has been a good deal of research done on 1:1 Learning.  You can access a large number of research studies and articles by doing an internet search on “1:1 Learning Research” using your favorite search engine.  In general, the research shows:

  • Varied results in the area of student learning.  Many studies show an increase or slight increase in student learning.  Some studies show no increase in student learning.  Very few studies show a decrease in student learning.
  • An increase in areas such as: student motivation and satisfaction; collaboration between students; collaboration between students and teachers; an increase in the variety of sources used by students; greater access to information; the ability for teachers to use more varied instructional strategies and greater ease of note taking by students.
  • The importance of teacher training in the success of a 1:1 learning initiative.

Lincoln Lutheran will become a 1:1 school at the start of the 2014-2015 school year. Lincoln Lutheran has been supporting students who brought their own device to school for several years already. Next year students will be required to bring a device to school.

All grade levels (6-12) will participate in the 1:1 Learning Initiative.  This topic was the subject of a good deal of discussion by the 1:1 Learning Committee.  It was felt by the Committee that as students of all grades were already bringing devices to school and using them, and the educational benefits of the 1:1 Learning Initiative would apply to all grade levels, every student in every grade should participate.  The Committee also felt that if Grades 6-8 were not included in the 1:1 Learning Initiative, it could be taken in a negative way by parents and students in those grades.

This is a very legitimate concern that parents of students of all ages should have about all electronic devices, including iPods, tablets, computers, cell phones, and even things like televisions.  The things students can access on electronic devices can be restricted.  We will provide more information about locking down devices during the 1:1 rollout process.  You can put rules in place about when (only during certain hours, after which you collect and keep the device) and where (only in certain rooms, never in places like bedrooms) devices can be used in your home.  You should demand students let you inspect the devices whenever you ask, let you look at their browser histories, and give you access to their accounts for things like FaceBook, Twitter, and Instagram, if they have them.

Parents will be responsible for providing the electronic device. There will be three options for doing so:

  1. Parents can purchase a device for their student. Many of our students already have an electronic device that they call their own.  For a list of acceptable devices go to http://bit.ly/1gnyAiB.
  2. Parents may lease a device from Lincoln Lutheran. The cost of insurance and a case for the device will be included in a lease price of approximately $19 per month for an iPad Mini with Retina Display and $23 per month for an iPad Air.  At the end of the lease period the device could be purchased for a nominal fee.  We are looking at leasing options for additional, lower-cost devices as well.  The lease payments will be handled through FACTS.
  3. Students with a demonstrated financial need may have the electronic device partially or wholly funded by Lincoln Lutheran.  Financial need will be demonstrated using the FACTS financial aid application and Federal Free and Reduced Lunch guidelines.

There are other costs associated with moving to a 1:1 environment in addition to the device cost. Lincoln Lutheran is nearly tripling the number of wireless access points in the school to make sure that every student can actually use their device and increasing our internet bandwidth by a factor of 10. There are other costs associated with going 1:1, but those are the big ticket items.

Most public schools that implement 1:1 initiatives provide devices to students using tax revenue. This is obviously not an option for Lincoln Lutheran. We looked at Lincoln Lutheran providing devices to every student through a tuition increase, but when we surveyed the student body we found that 65% already owned a tablet or a laptop. Out of respect for the investment that families had already made in educational technology we decided not to fund devices for all students through a tuition increase.

No. Because well over half of our students already own various devices, we decided that demanding that every student have the same device was not reasonable. We may move toward a model where every student has a similar device over the next 3 years if that looks like the best educational decision, but are not planning on doing that now.

Lincoln Lutheran has the following requirements for devices that will be used with our 1:1 Learning Initiative:

  • Battery must last at least 7 hours when used for normal, school-related activities such as online research, creating documents, etc..
  • Screen size must be is at least 7 inches.
  • Memory must be at least 16GB of memory (tablets only)
  • Must have a camera, browser and wi-fi
  • Must use one of the following operating systems: Windows, OSX, Chrome, Android, iOS
  • There is a list of current devices that meet these requirements here: http://bit.ly/1gnyAiB

Phones must meet the criteria above to be considered acceptable devices.

Although any device that meets the above requirements will work in our 1:1 environment, Lincoln Lutheran's prefered device is the iPad. It is the device that our teachers know and use. It is the device with which we are best prepared to help students and with which our current technology works best. Any 2nd generation or newer iPad should work fine, however we do not recommend purchasing a new 2nd generation iPad as they will probably not last 3 years.  

Parents may lease a device from Lincoln Lutheran. The cost of insurance and a case for the device will be included in a lease price of approximately $19 per month for an iPad Mini with Retina Display and $23 per month for an iPad Air.  At the end of the lease period the device could be purchased for a nominal fee.  We are looking at leasing options for additional, lower-cost devices as well. The lease payments will be handled through FACTS.

Make sure you know what you are buying. Older models are usually steeply discounted when newer models arrive. This can be a good way to save some money, but sometimes you are buying a device that will be obsolete sooner. You might get 2 years of use out of the device instead of 3. Of course, that could still be a good deal. Be careful when you see a very low price. Make sure you are getting what you think you are getting.

Students with a demonstrated financial need may have the electronic device partially or wholly funded by Lincoln Lutheran.  Financial need will be demonstrated using the FACTS financial aid application and Federal Rree and Reduced Lunch guidelines.

Each student will need a device before the beginning of the school year, But Lincoln Lutheran will do everything we can to support the idea that the device you are purchasing for your child is an early birthday and/or Christmas present.

We understand that families may be concerned that having a device might increase the amount of time a student plays video games, uses social media, or has unsupervised access to the internet. As part of our 1:1 Learning Initiative we will be teaching students better digital citizenship (see below) and will also provide seminars to make parents aware of things that they can do to control how and when students use their devices. While these seminars will provide general strategies for use with all devices, we will be best able to offer the most specific guidance for the iPad.

Lincoln Lutheran will teach what is commonly called “digital citizenship” using a curriculum developed by Common Sense Media (www.commonsensemedia.org).  There will not be a formal class in digital citizenship.  Instead, aspects of digital citizenship will be taught in several different classes in both middle school and high school.

 

Yes, Lincoln Lutheran will be offering several days during the summer for parents and students to come in and setup their device for use at Lincoln Lutheran.  During those times we will be offering “classes” on a variety of topics so that both parents and students can learn how to use and monitor the use of various devices.

As always, Lincoln Lutheran will do everything we can to support the parental decisions that you make for your child. Depending on your concern, we may be able to offer help to mitigate that concern. Ultimately, you may decide that your child should only use their device at school for approved educational activities.  No student will be denied enrollment because their parents choose to not let them have an electronic device.  Students without an electronic device will find, like they would if they did not have any other necessary school supply, they will not be able to do things other students will be able to do in and outside of school.

The student/parents are responsible for repairing the device. There are many quality cases that can help mitigate the risk of breaking a device. Parents may want to purchase insurance on their devices.

SquareTrade.com offers a 3 year accidental breakage policy for new iPads for $129.00. A typical repair involving a cracked screen costs about $250 to repair without insurance. Lincoln Lutheran doesn’t necessarily endorse SquareTrade.com; we just happen to know what their policies cost. This type of insurance does not cover lost or stolen devices. You might also want to check to see what type of coverage you have through your homeowner’s or renter’s policy.  

 

All devices leased from Lincoln Lutheran will be insured by Lincoln Lutheran. Students/parents will be responsible for a $50 deductible for the first repair and $100 deductibles for future repairs.  This insurance does not cover lost or stolen devices.

 

It is strongly recommended that students have cases for the devices they own to protect and identify the device. Students who have Lincoln Lutheran devices will be required to have a case on the device at all times. Cases will be provided with Lincoln Lutheran devices.

If a student doesn’t have a device because it was lost, stolen, broken, left at home, has a dead battery, or other reasons, they will need to rent one from Lincoln Lutheran on a daily basis for a cost to be determined. This rental fee will be paid through FACTS, as will all school fees next year. The insurance provided with Lincoln Lutheran-owned devices (either leased or scholarship devices) covers this fee for broken devices only.

Backpacks. Students think that their backpack is surrounded by a magical force field and, once something is placed inside a backpack, they can do anything at all to the backpack without affecting the items in the backpack.  Students try to test that force field by setting new records in events like the “vertical backpack drop” and the “running backpack throw.”  

Lincoln Lutheran can not control loss or theft of devices, but the following policies or procedures will be put into place to help reduce the possibility of device theft:

  • Students will be encouraged keep their devices on their person, secured in their locker or, for 6th graders, in their cubbies.
  • Students will have to become much more aware of the dangers of leaving things laying around school unattended, especially before and after school and during lunch.
  • Teachers will have to become more aware of classroom security and the importance of keeping classroom doors locked when classrooms are not in use.
  • Parents and students will be made aware that iPads can be tracked if lost/stolen and, with the right settings are of no use and have no resale value if stolen.
  • Lincoln Lutheran has a limited ability to track devices that are attached to our network.
  • Lincoln Lutheran will attach asset tags to all of our devices and will make these available to interested families at cost.

Lincoln Lutheran will not specify individual applications, but may specify types of applications. For example, every student will be expected to have applications that allow them to:

  • Browse the Internet
  • Send and receive email
  • Create and edit documents for Google Docs
  • Take notes by annotating a PDF document

There will be some types of apps that teachers will require for specific classes, such as a periodic table app for Chemistry.  Teachers will focus on using free or low-cost apps for those purposes.  Many of the apps that students use will be web based.

At this point there are not. Lincoln Lutheran will provide a list of specific types of apps that will be useful and specific types of apps that will be necessary for each class on (or before) Registration Day.

Lincoln Lutheran will require three things of all student devices:

  1. The name of the student should be visible somewhere on the outside of the device and on the device case so we can return it in case it is lost or left lying around.
  2. The name of the wireless device as it appears on the school network should contain the student’s first and last name (we will show you how to do this).
  3. The device must be registered with Lincoln Lutheran’s Mobile Device Management software (we will show you how to do this).

In the broadest terms, it helps ensure the school network works well with a wide variety of student devices. It will also allow us to troubleshoot problems that students are having in a more efficient manner. It also allows us to send apps to student devices.

 

Yes, all students will receive a Lincoln Lutheran email address. This is to provide access to Lincoln Lutheran’s Google Apps for Education domain. This account will use the student’s normal school username and password.  We will provide you with information on how to monitor the account.

First of all, not every lesson will change. Your students do some pretty amazing things in their classes now, and we don’t necessarily want that to change. What we want is for teachers to be able to plan the best possible lessons for every class without worrying that the most appropriate technology won’t be available.  See Appendix 1 and Appendix 2 for examples of how electronic devices might be used in classrooms.

You might have noticed that more and more of the content your student uses is already available in electronic form. Several of our textbooks are available online and all of our teachers have some resources available on Moodle. Some of our teachers have all of the materials needed for their course on Moodle and do not use a “textbook” at all. We are slowly moving away from physical textbooks each year, but we still view this as a gradual process and will continue to move in that direction as it is educationally and financially appropriate to do so.

Lincoln Lutheran has an Electronic Device Policy that will be used for situations where electronic devices are misused.  We will examine that policy and determine if it needs to be modified for next school year.  In some cases, such as online bullying, the Lincoln Lutheran Harassment Policy would come into effect, just as it currently does.

Each student is responsible for being familiar enough with their device to use it on a daily basis, but we understand that unusual problems can arise. After students troubleshoot their problem (usually with a Google search for a solution), they can bring it to the Lincoln Lutheran Tech Center to have someone look at the device. As far as tablets go, we are most familiar with the iPad and will be able to offer the most support to students with that device.

Yes.  We will encourage students to think of these devices as their own and to personalize them with their own music, apps and so forth. Students should keep in mind the items they put on any device should be appropriate for Christians and for the Lincoln Lutheran environment and they should have enough free space on their device for any school related work.

Nearly all areas of misbehavior involving electronic devices are already addressed in our Parent-Student Handbook and our Technology Acceptable Use policy. Our general policy will be to teach students how to behave responsibly with their devices.

We currently have a large number of devices on campus and this is not normally a problem, however students will be expected to put their name on their device and on their case so devices can be easily identified.

Many teachers are using elements of a 1:1 Learning Initiative in their lessons now.  Several teachers have been to a 1:1 conference in the past and each teacher attended the Nebraska Educational Technology Association converence last year, where 1:1 was a major topic.  Teachers will have the opporutnity to visit a current 1:1 school, and we will do additional 1:1 training as part of our post- and pre-school inservice activities.

We have sent multiple teachers and administrators to 1:1 meetings, conferences and summits over the last 3 years. We’ve been in contact with other schools that have been in a 1:1 environment for anywhere from 1 to 8 years with a variety of devices. There is no possible way we can be ready for all the potential problems that might occur, but we have done our homework and know what we need to do to successfully implement a 1:1 learning initiative.

It is against Lincoln Lutheran’s Technology Acceptable Use Policy for students to setup a wi-fi hotspot using their cell phone or other cellular device. There are two reasons for this:

  • Ad-hoc data networks (hot spots) degrade the quality of Lincoln Lutheran’s own wi-fi network.
  • Cellular data is unfiltered.

Having said that, it is not against Lincoln Lutheran’s Acceptable Use Policy for students to use their own cellular data. Parents should be aware that it is unfiltered and expensive compared to students using Lincoln Lutheran’s wi-fi.

No, at least not if you have an Android or iOS device. On those platforms you can install any app that you buy on any number of devices that you own. You will need to use a single iTunes or Google Play account when purchasing apps for your family to do this. If you own another type of device then the answer depends on the licensing terms of the software itself.

This is a little bit device-dependent. The amount of FREE storage space is more important than the total storage space. An iOS device uses about 2GB of space before you put anything on the device. An Android device uses 4GB of space before you put anything on the device. A Windows device uses 14GB of space before you put anything on the device.

16GB is enough room for 100 apps and school-related documents. But music, photos and especially video can take up a lot of space as well. We will recommend that students take advantage of cloud based storage for most of their storage needs, therefore we believe that 16GB is enough free space for student’s educational needs. You may wish to get a device with more storage if students will store many games, songs, videos or photos on their device.

 

A jailbroken device is a tablet that has been altered so software not approved by the manufacturer can run on the teblet.  We don’t have an official position on jailbroken devices. We will be less able to offer any assistance with them and reserve the right to ban them in the future should they prove problematic.

Students with iOS devices (iPads) can currently print.  We are investigating other possible printing solutions. All students can email documents to themself to print from the computer lab and we will be working to minimize the number of items that students need to print as we strive to become as “paperless” as it makes sense to be.

Lincoln Lutheran will not be backing up student devices.  Backups are very important and we will encourage all students to backup their devices on a regular basis at home.  Additionally, we will be encouraging students to use cloud-based storage.

Questions that are new since this document was initially published appear below this line. 

Students who leave Lincoln Lutheran before the end of their lease will have two options:

  1. Simply return the device and case to Lincoln Lutheran in good condition and the remaining lease term will be considered fulfilled. 
  2. Elect to keep the device and pay the remainder of the lease in one lump sum. 

We view this as an argument in favor of having devices in Middle and High School. We believe that a good Digital Citizenship curriculum and training in the proper way to use a device in an educational setting will not only enhance their learning before college but will help students prepare for being responsible college students.  

Our teachers are used to redirecting students when they need it. Teaching students when it is acceptable to use their devices is part of any 1:1 learning initiative.

Keep in mind that about half of our students are currently bringing devices to school every day. The proper student use of devices is something our teachers already have experience with.

Yes. Plans are underway to have various sessions for parents (as well as some for students and some dual sessions) where we will cover caring for devices and caring for students who have devices. These sessions will take place on multiple days during the summer. We will keep you informed as plans become more concrete. 

Based on the information that we have, Lincoln Public Schools plans on implementing a pilot 1:1 initiative in two middle schools within the next two years and to have enough computing devices for each student to use one by the 2017-2018 school year. These devices will be used by the students during the school day, but will remain at school in the evenings. 

You are correct that it costs more to lease a device than to purchase it outright. This is typically true for any lease.

In our case, there are four costs that go into the lease amount. Lets take the iPad Air as an example:

  • $499.00 16GB iPad Air (we may get a quantity discount that could reduce this to $479.00).
  • $116.00 Insurance. This covers accidental breakage and theft for 3 years. 
  • $40.00 Case. We are looking at the Griffen Survivor Series. These retail for $79.99 and get very good reviews from other schools.
  • $159.00 Lease cost. The leasing company we are anticipating working with charges an interest rate of just under 7.5%
  • -----------------------
  • $814.00 Total or $23.00 per month for 36 months

On the bright side, you save over a dollar a month in sales tax :^)

In January, 2014, we surveyed the entire student body concerning the types of devices they had access to. For each type of device that we thought students were likely to have, we asked two questions:

NOTE: before we asked any questions we told the students that they could only answer yes to one of the following questions:

  1. Do you own a Chromebook (just for example)? Own means that you purchased it with your own money or that it was given to you as a gift for your birthday or Christmas or some other occasion. 
  2. Do you have access to a Chromebook? Have access means that there is one at your house that someone else does not use every day that would generally be available for you to use if you asked. We don't mean your mother's laptop that she uses for work.

We realize that this allows for some confusion of the data when students might have both a Chromebook and a Kindle Fire HD, or when siblings might both report that they "have access to" the same device. To help clean up our final numbers we also asked as our final questions how many students owned any of the tablets or laptops that we mentioned. 

You can take a look at the data [http://bit.ly/1dYv4od] if you would like. On the second tab the data is broken down by grade level.

We realize that it is a big sacrifice for many of our families to send their children to Lincoln Lutheran.

For our families with the greatest need we are committed to provide or help provide a device. We believe that most of our families in this situation can be identified through the Free or Reduced Lunch program. However, we realize that family situations differ and that there might be some families with similar needs who do not qualify for the Free or Reduced Lunch program. The Device Scholarship Application (when it is available) will provide an area to address this.

For our families who do not fall in the above category, but for whom purchasing devices will be a major expense we have done two things:

  1. Commit to making low cost devices work as part of our 1:1 learning initiative. Several devices on the list of recommended devices cost less than $200. Many stores will offer 0% financing of electronics for 6-18 months. 9to5Toys.com is a website that lists current sales on tablets, laptops and assorted other electronic devices. 
  2. Provide leasing options. We anticipate leasing iPads for $23, $19 and $14 per month. 

This next bit of advice doesn't do anything to lesson the cost of a device, but incorporating a device as all or part of a birthday/Christmas present might help to fit the expense into a family budget.

There are currently commercial options for schools to both lease and insure iPads. By using iPads for our leasing options we can simplify the leasing/insuring process. Additionally, iPads are the devices that our faculty and staff are currently most familiar with and best able to help students with. 

We knew that we would not be able to provide leasing options for every device and the iPads allowed us to provide devices for what we decided were reasonable monthly amounts. Our primary reason for offering leases is to help families spread out the cost of devices.

If a student can use the browser and camera on their device they should be good to go for 95% or more of classroom activities. Lincoln Lutheran is committed to using tools that are accessible to all students no matter what device they have (assuming the device meets our minimum requirements). 

We will do our best to help all students when they have trouble with their devices. We will have a group of students/staff who are comfortable with a variety of technology available during AP and at other times during the day to help students who are experiencing technical difficulties. We anticipate that most problems will be solved with a Google search, but there will also be problems that require parents or students to contact their device's technical support system.

The family owns the device after the lease. There may be a small fee associated with this transfer of ownership (less than $25). It is also possible that there will be no fee or a very low fee ($1.00). We are still working out the details with the leasing company.

Piloting the 1:1 learning initiative would have been problematic in the High School because of the high number of classes that are taken concurrently by students in multiple grades. 

We discussed piloting the program in the Middle School or with a single Middle School grade, but decided that we are not breaking new educational ground with this initiative. Many Nebraska schools are already 1:1 and the things that we could learn from piloting a program locally can also be learned from other schools who have been through this process.

Some devices will last longer than others. If you purchase a original iPad 1 for $79 on eBay, it might only last a year. If you spent $2,579 for a top of the line Mac Book Pro it will probably still be useful for a student six or more years later (not that we're recommending you do that). 

We expect that any of the devices in the List of Recommended Devices will still work for the things that a student needs to do for at least 3 years. More expensive devices tend to last longer, but recognize that that is a generalization.

Portable computing devices are changing rapidly, but we do not anticipate changing our minimum requirements every year and we recognize that if you purchase a device that meets those requirements it would be unreasonable for us to expect you to upgrade within a few years. Depending a little on what type of device you buy we thing you might buy a device in 6th grade and another sometime between 9th and 11th grade. 

We realize it is a big sacrifice for many families to send their children to Lincoln Lutheran. We have committed to providing or helping to provide students that have the greatest need with a  device. The eligibility for these “scholarship” devices will be determined by using the Federal  Free and Reduced Lunch Guidelines and by using the amount of Lincoln Lutheran financial aid awarded using the FACTS process in the following manner:

  • Families must apply for financial aid through FACTS to qualify for a scholarship device.
  • All students wishing to be considered for a scholarship device must complete the Device Scholarship Application (when it is available).
  • Students who qualify for Federal Free Lunch will be eligible for a scholarship device with no payment required. The device will meet the Lincoln Lutheran device requirements.
  • Students who qualify for Federal Reduced Lunch will be eligible for a scholarship device at half the lease rate. The family may choose which device they lease.
  • Families who do not qualify for Federal Free and Reduced Lunch but qualify for Lincoln Lutheran financial aid will qualify for a scholarship device at a rate equal to the percentage of the financial aid award compared to the total tuition obligation of the family. The family may choose which device they lease.

For families who do not qualify for Federal Free or Reduced Lunch, or qualify for Lincoln Lutheran financial aid, we have done two things:

  1. Committed to making low cost devices part of our 1:1 Learning Initiative. Several of the recommended devices cost less than $200. Stores will often offer 0% financing of electronic devices for 6-18 months. 9to5Toys is a website that lists current sales on tablets, laptops, and assorted other electronic devices.
  2. Provided leasing options. We anticipate leasing iPads for $23, $19, and $14 per month.